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In this section I will tell you what to be aware of when owning a piece of forest land and buying a house where its main source of heating comes from a log burner, known as a Kandalló (glass front, metal made, log burner), as there are some rules/regulations/laws you must follow if you do not want penalties.
The information below needs to be considered before buying a village house in Hungary, especially if you are wanting to convert it into or back into a farmhouse or open it up as a summer rental.
If your potential village house in Hungary uses a log (wood) burner, such as a Kandalló as its main source of heating, as opposed to or in addition to gas central heating, whereby you would want to cut down the trees in its own forest for firewood (Tűzifa) purposes, you will need permission to do so. Just because the forest is part of the property, it does NOT give the owner the automatic right to cut down its trees; regardless of reason. You first need permission, from the local council and/or local mayor's office.
Once you have written permission you are still restricted by certain rules and regulations and perhaps laws, such as only being able to cut a certain amount of trees/wood in one or more certain locations between October and March; unless the forest has Liverwort (a protected plant), in which case you can only cut trees/wood between October and February. Furthermore: The needed 'permission paperwork' needs to carried with you whenever you are cutting and transporting wood from your forest.
If you are buying 2 metre length logs for example or already chopped logs (firewood) from a seller, such as a local farmer or commercial seller, they will need to have the 'permission paperwork' on them, just in case you and/or the police want to inspect it. If the seller does not have it on them, do NOT buy the logs (or firewood) from them. They could have stolen the wood. Hence why you should ALWAYS ask to see their 'permission paperwork' and ALWAYS get a receipt for any wood bought. The police and council can check your stocked up wood pile anytime.
Unless you are really rural (in the middle of nowhere), it may be cheaper to have gas central heating fitted. Villagers these days have the option of a gas supply, fitted from the street to their village house; which can be a cheaper option to log burning.
Buying 6 months worth of 2 metre logs may seem/be cheaper, but to then chop and move those logs from your garden into a shed (for drying out/seasoning) could make the log burner a more expensive option; especially if you have to buy a chainsaw and/or hydraulic log splitter and ask neighbours to help you chop the wood.
Log Wood SellerAgroInfo sell forest log wood (Tűzifa) from 10,000 HUF to 15,000 HUF per cubic meter (m3). Sometimes, if you are lucky, forest log wood will be measured at 1.7 Meters long per log as opposed to the standard 1 Meter long. In other words, they measure a 1.7 Meter forest log, but count it as 1 Meter long; so you get more wood. A bit like an offer/bonus.
If you are lucky, you might get extra wood per cubic meter (m3).
To heat up a 50 Square Meter (m2) house you would buy a 120 Cubic Meter (m3) Kandalló. You would buy your wood, if not chopping itself of course, from a local in the village; as opposed to buying it from OBI for example. How much firewood you would consume each month would depend on your family size, house size, how many times you heat up your house and other factors. Each household would be different. So your best bet would be to ask a few locals how much they pay, before you buy any property, to get an average.
Modern log burners sold in OBI (Log BurnersKandallók) range from 189,990 HUF to 250,000 HUF, depending on your budget, style of log burner and how many square meters you are looking to heat.
Seasoned wood is basically wood that been chopped, stacked up in a dry area, and been left to thoroughly dry out (perhaps for a year or two depending on the type of wood) whereas unseasoned wood is usually freshly cut wood that still contains quite a bit of water (i.e. half of the wood contains water).
Burning unseasoned wood can be difficult to keep going, and produce too much smoke, due to its water content; therefore, not producing much heat. Seasoned wood on the other hand, because of its dryness, burns and heats very well with not as much smoke. Soft wood (such as Pine) tends to dry out quicker than hard wood (such as Oak). Hence the price differences.
Before deciding on a log burner and more precisely burning some wood, you need to realise that the smoke from burnt wood releases minute, invisible to the eye, particulars that can be a danger to your health. These invisible particles, when inhaled, are small enough to pass through the walls of your lungs and straight into your blood stream; potentially causing serious health issues over time.
Just like many things in life though, such as smoking cigarettes or breathing in car fumes, it is a game of pot luck and sods law as to whether or not anything really bad happens to you and/or contributes to your poor health. It also depends on how you feel about the planet too - Gas Central Heating vs Log Burner.